The village of Eglish and the surrounding rural area, through which the River Oona flows into the Blackwater along the Tyrone/Armagh border, is...


When Patrick and his disciples began the task of evangelising Ireland, they found no words in the language of Ireland that would adequately describe themselves, their buildings or their religious practices. Their solution was to borrow the appropriate Latin terms which were assimilated into Irish and, in the course of time, subjected to the rules of Irish pronunciation, spelling and grammar. As well as words for several kinds of church buildings, these Latin borrowings provide Irish with quite a list of of other well-known ‘church-words’.

Eglish is such a word and derives from the Latin ecclesia meaning “church”. Ecclais, (‘Eglish’ or ‘Aglish’, the Ordnance Survey versions of the word), was introduced into Irish in the early Christian era but the precise date is uncertain.

Eglish was an early monastic foundation and may have been a centre for worship in pre-Christian times. The modern village lies in south County Tyrone on the B45 between Caledon and Dungannon. At the 2001 Census it had a population of 93. The village has grown in a dispersed form with a mix of housing, industry and services.

Eglish Historical Society

Eglish Historical Society was formed in 2005. It is a cross-community body whose members came together to research, record and celebrate the rich history of the area. The Society’s recent projects, The Book of Eglish – Where the Oona Flows , a heritage trail and this website have been supported by Heritage Lottery Fund.

Battle Of Benburb

The Book of Eglish

The Book of Eglish – Where the Oona Flows was launched in December, 2011. The book, over 500 pages, hard backed and printed in full colour, is made available to Eglish Historical Society Subscribers. Extracts from the book are printed elsewhere on this website. See subscriptions, contents and introduction.

Eglish History Book

Heritage Trail

Eglish Historical Society has in 2012 established a Heritage Trail which identifies 42 sites of interest in the area. Several of the sites have been marked with plaques. The four graveyards of Eglish (Roman Catholic [2], Presbyterian and Church of Ireland) have been surveyed and mapped. A plaque at each cemetery shows all graves that we have been able to identify. Click here to see the maps.

Eglish Heritage Trail


The Society is keen that stories of families of the area should be researched, told and recorded. The website is manned by volunteers and we cannot offer a full research facility. However, we will try to answer queries addressed to us and point families to areas where they might find additional information.

Further information can be found in The Book of Eglish